This can vary depending on a number of items: Age of systems on the property, property types, natural surroundings of property, etc. In our contract, we go over a list of property maintenance items that your investment might need over the course of a year (i.e. gutters, roof cleaning, furnace service, landscaping, etc.). We can go over these items with you to help you budget maintenance expenses. As an investor, there are always potential items that can come up at any time (pipe break, flood, insects/pests, appliance failure, etc.). Those are always unexpected and seem to happen at the worst time, but by going over a maintenance plan with your property manager, this can better prepare you for potential overall expenses.